Experimental investigation of efficiency of plain weft knitted fabric layered reinforcement in fiberconcrete

Galina Harjkova, Vitalijs Lusis, Andrejs Krasnikovs


Reinforcing cement-based composites with continuous fibers is one of the most efficient ways to obtain high performance materials. This paper studies the application of layers of knitted textiles with relatively simple fabric architecture used to strengthen fiberconcrete beams. The objective of this study was to evaluate glass knitted fabric as reinforcement for fiberconcrete. For this purpose fiberconcrete beams with textile reinforcement in the form of three plies of glass weft knitted fabric (jersey) were produced. Four point bending test was used to experimentally investigate the influence of textile plies on composite flexural strength. The obtained results were compared with the material without textile reinforcement. The fiberconcrete reinforced by textile layers showed better flexural performance compared to non-reinforced fiberconcrete samples.


Textile reinforced concrete (TRF), cement composites, fiberconcrete, knitted fabric reinforcement, weft knit, flexural strength

Full Text:



ACI Committee 544. 1997. State-of-the-Art Report on Fiber Reinforced Concrete (ACI 544.1R-96). American Concrete Institute, Farmington Hills, Mich, 66 p.

Contamine, R.; Si, Larbi, A.; Hamelin, P., 2013. Identifying the contributing mechanisms of textile reinforced concrete (TRC) in the case of shear repairing damaged and reinforced concrete beams. Engineering Structures, 46, pp. 447-458. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.engstruct.2012.07.024

Krüger, M.; Reinhardt, H.-W.; Fichtlscherer, M., 2001. Bond behaviour of textile reinforcement in reinforced and prestressed concrete. Otto-Graf-Journal, 12, pp. 33-50.

Leong, K.H.; Ramakrishna, S.; Huang, Z.M.; Bibo, G.A., 2000. The potential of knitting for engineering composites-a review. Composites, Part A31, pp. 197–220.


Miravete, A. (Ed.), 1999. 3-D Textile Reinforcements In Composite Materials. CRC Press 1999. 181 p.

Pakravan, H.; Jamshidi, M.; Latifi, M.; Neshastehriz, M., 2011. Application of polypropylene nonwoven fabrics for cement composites reinforcement. Asian journal of civil engineering (building and housing), 12(5), pp. 551-562.

Peled, A.; Bentur, A., 1998. Reinforcement of cementitious matrices by warp knitted fabrics. Materials and Structures, 31, pp. 543-550. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF02481536

Peled, A.; Bentur, A., 2000. Geometrical characteristics and efficiency of textile fabrics for reinforcing cement composites. Cement and Concrete Research, 30, pp. 781-790. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0008-8846(00)00239-8

Peled, A.; Bentur A., 2003. Fabric structure and its reinforcing efficiency in textile reinforced cement composites. Composites, Part A, 34, pp. 107–118. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1359-835X(03)00003-4

Peled, A.; Cohen, Z.; Pasder, Y.; Roye, A.; Gries, T., 2008. Influences of textile characteristics on the tensile properties of warp knitted cement based composites. Cement & Concrete Composites, 30, pp. 174–183. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cemconcomp.2007.09.001

Peled, A.; Mobasher, B.; Cohen, Zvi., 2009. Mechanical properties of hybrid fabrics in pultruded cement composites. Cement & Concrete Composites, 31, pp. 647-657.


DOI: 10.7250/iscconstrs.2014.10


  • There are currently no refbacks.